[PonyORM-list] (no subject)

Stefan Dröge stefan at sdroege.de
Thu Dec 13 08:34:26 UTC 2018

I already asked the question on stackoverflow, however I just found this
mailing list, so I thought I'd cross post my question here:

(Original question from Stackoverflow:

I began playing a bit with Object Relational Mappers (*Pony ORM*

In *Pony*, all entity definitions inherit from the [`db.Entity`][1] class.
However in order to do that of course the `db` object needs to be created
first somewhere. (`db.Entity` is somewhat similar to the declarative base
in *sqlalchemy*, so I believe my question below is also similar valid for

All the examples I have seen in the Pony ORM docs present the examples
inline, where the Database object `db` is simply declared in the
interpreter prompt before the entities are declared.

This leaves for me the question: **Where should I create my db object in a
"real" project?.**

Especially consider the case where I want to keep my entity definitions
separate from where I actually use these entities (say I only want to build
a nice ORM wrapper package to access a database, which then should be used
in multiple different other projects). Then I probably want the users to
provide the own `db` object that is configured to their needs in order to
access the DB.

## Some example code:

Say I have a Database that stores *persons* and *addresses* and my package
`my_orm` should provide an ORM for the database, which then will be used in


    from my_orm.person import Person
    from my_orm.address import Address


    from pony.orm import Required

    class Person(db.Entity): # Where should `db` be defined?
        name = Required(str)
        age = Required(int)


    from pony.orm import Required

    class Address(db.Entity): # Where should `db` be defined?. Must be the
same `db` object as in person.py
        street_name = Required(str)
        zip_code = Required(int)


    from pony.orm import Database
    db = Database()
    import my_orm

Besides already looking ugly because it mixes the imports with the creation
of the db, this will also throw the error `NameError: name 'db' is not
defined`. So what should I do instead?

  [1]: https://docs.ponyorm.com/api_reference.html#Database.Entity
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